The Nazareth Charter of Human Rights, was authored by Hadrian Mâr Élijah Bar Israël in order to elucidate the natural rights of the human person, including those which are ignored in most international bills of rights. It was promulgated by the 2012 Convocation of the Nazarani Church, held in the City of Nazareth in Israel beginning on December 21st 2012.
The text of the Charter is as follows:
NAZARETH CHARTER OF HUMAN RIGHTS
Recognising the existence of certain inalienable natural laws, we do hereby set forth this Charter of Human Rights and declare them to be fundamental to the free existence of humankind; according to which, every human person possesses:
- The right to life and to be recognised before the law as a fully human person, with name, nationality, and homeland; and to the citizenship thereof.
- The right to formulate and fully express their own thoughts, conscience, and to speak freely without fear of reprisal; and to speak and express themselves in their native, or any other, language, both in public and in private, as they see fit.
- The right to equality before the law and to benefit from due process and procedural fairness at law; as well as the right to an impartial trial and an absolute presumption of innocence, until or unless impartially convicted; and to be safe from any presumption of guilt; and to appeal any conviction to a higher court or authority, and to seek redress of the same.
- The right to self-determination, and the development of their own identity, as well as the development of their own identity, as well as political, cultural, religious and personal sensibilities, including the right to freely decide their political status, and also the right to change their homeland, nationality or name.
- The right to be free from self-incrimination, or involuntary confession; and to public trial, whereby hearings take place in open court, before a competent, independent and impartial magisterium, with any judgements or rulings being made publically.
- The right to be free from restraints placed on the movement of persons, from every kind of bondage, from arbitrary arrest and detention of any kind, regardless of the cause of such detention; as well as the right to leave any country, including their own, and to return to their country at the time of their choosing.
- The right to sanctity and the protection of their good name and honor, not only during their lifetime, but also after their death, that the corpse and even the burial place shall be protected from desecration or abuse.
- The right to be secure in their property, person and effects; and to have their private life and correspondence protected from the scrutiny of others.
- The right to be free from all forms of torture, degradation, and cruel or inhuman acts, even as punishment; and to be protected from refoulement of persons back to war zones or disaster areas where there is a clear and present danger to their lives or freedom.
- The right to seek out, accept and perform work and to earn a living wage, to negotiate their wages and the conditions of their employment, and enter into contracts, and to associate with others in order to negotiate the same; as well as the right to be compensated for the work they perform, at a wage consistent with others in the same place and industry.
- The right to take part and participate in the economy in which they live, and according to their means, to pursue their economic, social and cultural goals, to possess and hold title to property, whether real or personal, movable or immovable, whether individually, or in common with others; as well as the enjoyment, use and utility and value of that property, and to a share in the in the natural wealth and resources of their land, and to manage and dispose of their resources as they see fit.
- The right to an accountable government, to seek redress of grievances and the right to seek compensation for losses incurred either by the state or by other persons.
- The right to associate freely with whomever they choose, and assemble with others for any purpose; and not have mere association with other persons be held as evidence against them.The right to marry, without restriction as to race, color, religion, nationality or other factor, and to create a family, as they see fit.
- The right to pursue the embetterment of their health, through whatever means they find to be the most beneficial to them; and to be free from experimental procedures, testing or other medical or scientific interventions or studies without their express understanding and consent.
- The right to be represented, whether by voting for politicians, appointment of attorneys, or granting of mandates for other persons to look after their interests, to represent them, to declare trusts, and look after their interests, both in their presence and in their absence, as they may desire.
- The right to pursue their own relationship with God, and to chaim, learn, pursue and follow any religion, or to hold any beliefs as they may choose, including the right not to subscribe to or participate in any religion.
- The right to receive the best education possible.
These rights, shall not be abridged, abrogated or infringed, even in the presence of an overwhelming need of the state.